¼" round - A narrow,
flexible piece of molding that covers the joint between
the baseboard and the floor. Sometimes called shoe
Apron - The bottom piece of window casing
that finishes the window frame beneath the sill.
Backerboard - see cement board
Baseboard - Trim running along the bottom
of a wall to cover gaps between the wall and the
floor to protect the bottom of the wall.
Brickpointing - Technique used to repair
misaligned, broken or crumbling bricks.
Casing - Trim that surrounds a door or
Cement board - A type of backerboard made
from a cement base and coated with fiberglass mesh.
Used instead of drywall as an underlayment for
ceramic tile installations.
Caulk - Any of several compounds used to
seal around sinks, bathtubs and other surface gaps
or joints. Applied in semi-liquid form.
Circuit - Continuous loop of electrical
current flowing along wires or cables.
Crown molding - Decorative molding installed
where wall meets ceiling.
Dead bolt - A bolt on a lock that is moved
by turning a key or knob; more secure than a spring
Drywall (sheetrock / gypsum board) -
A sheet product made of paper faces covering a
core of gypsum that is used to build interior walls
Flaoting Floor - Flooring, such as laminate
click and lock strips, that is not nailed or glued
to the subfloor.
Framing - The structure of a wall and floor.
This term includes all the wooden parts including
studs, joists etc.
Glazing - Material used to seal the glass
pane in the window sash.
Greenboard - A moisture resistant drywall
product made for wet installations, such as baths
and showers. Greenboard is not waterproof.
Grout - A mortar mix used to fill the joints
between set tiles. Available in unsanded mixtures
for narrow joints and sanded mixtures for wider
Insulation - Material used in walls to
limit the transmission of thermal energy or sound.
Isolation Membrane - Synthetic sheet material
installed over concrete floors and under cementboard
to protect ceramic tile installations from movement
that may occur.
Jamb - The wooden frame around a door or
Joint Compound - A plaster-like product
that is used to conceal the joints between drywall
Joists - A horizontal piece of lumber used
to support a ceiling or floor.
Laminate - Flooring Designed to look like
hardwood flooring and made of a composite of laminated
Level - Having all surfaces exactly on
the same plane with no part higher or lower than
Load bearing - A wall that supports the
weight of the floor above it. A wall never to be
removed without a contractor and structural engineer.
Lockset - The hardware used for keeping
a door closed (doorknobs, lock, bolt and strikeplate).
Mastic - An adhesive used to glue tiles.
Plywood - A sheet product made from thin
layers of wood glued in a sandwich.
Primer - A base coat applied to walls before
Resilient Flooring - Tile or sheet flooring
typically made of vinyl, rubber or linoleum.
Roughing in - The process of installing
the first stage of plumbing piping and electrical
wiring that will be hidden inside the walls.
Sash - The wood frame around a window that
holds the glass in place.
Service panel - Metal box where electrical
current is split into individual circuits protected
by circuit breakers or fuses.
Sill - Flat edge below of a window or of
an exterior door frame.
Strike plate - The metal hardware attached
to the doorframe that receives the bolt from a
Stud - Wood, usually 2 x 4s, that is installed
vertically to frame the walls.
Subfloor - A layer of plywood or oriented
strand board (OSB) fastened to the floor joists.
The subfloor should provide a clean and even surface
for the installation of the finished flooring.
Taping - The process of applying tape to
drywall joints in preparation for application of
joint compound (plaster).
Tongue & groove - A style of flooring
where the strips interlock by fitting the protruding
tongue of a strip into the groove of the next.
Vapor barrier - Synthetic sheet material
(most commonly 6-mil polyethylene plastic) installed
over the studs and under the drywall. Discourages
moisture generated in living spaces from migrating
into stud cavities where it condenses and causes
wood to rot and mold to grow.